Someone may have told us that burns may be treated with butter or that venom from a sting can be sucked out. These common beliefs, as seductive as they may be, are not supported by science, and, to make matters worse, they may even be dangerous.
That’s why we put together a list of the most common myths and the recommended course of action in the event of an emergency
- How to safely escape from menacing dogs
The motives for a dog’s assault are not always obvious. However, you should be aware that attempting to scare the dog away by yelling or kicking it is never a good idea because it will only make it angrier. You should also not try to flee because it will almost certainly pursue you.
What to do: Gently remove your jacket or coat and place it on the animal if you’re wearing one. By distracting it, you’ll be able to get away. If there are multiple dogs, stand against a wall to protect your important parts, such as your face, chest, and throat. They won’t be able to surround you in this way, making you even more exposed.
- How to help heal a wound
We have been misinformed about the wonders that ointments can perform when a wound exists. In fact, utilizing them may cause you to develop a rash rather than heal an abrasion. Unless the wound is excessively deep, in which case you should go to the emergency room, you can treat it at home, but visit your doctor as soon as possible.
What to do: The simplest approach isn’t always the best. Use cold water and fragrance-free glycerin soap to clean the wound. Apply a bandage when it has dried.
- How to cope during a power outage
These kinds of situations frequently take us off guard, and if we aren’t well-prepared or informed, we may wind up making a complete mess of things. Do not attempt to solve the problem on your own. Contact with any downed electrical lines could result in electrocution. Lighting candles is also a thing of the past. You run the risk of starting an unintentional fire, and they don’t provide enough light.
What to do: Create a contingency plan in advance to be ready for these kind of events. Make sure you have flashlights and bottled water on hand, and make sure your family understands where you store them. You might also buy a generator to keep your most vital appliances running until the power is restored.
- How to deal with burns
If no urgent action is taken, this type of skin injury might have significant repercussions. However, some of the most often used home treatments are ineffective. Using butter, vinegar, onion juice, or a piece of steak to clean the wound may actually make it worse. It’s preferable to save those components for another supper.
What to do: Start by soaking the wound in lukewarm water. If it doesn’t require medical treatment, apply petroleum jelly twice or three times every day. After that, apply a bandage to the affected region. Always remember not to pop any blisters that emerge and to keep the burned skin out of the sun.
- How to shake off someone who’s following you
If you suspect someone is following you, you’ll almost certainly try to hurry up your pace and head straight home. However, you can be putting yourself in an even more risky scenario by doing so. The assailant may attempt to enter with you. If not, they will undoubtedly know your address and may return to surprise you.
What to do: First, double-check that the person is indeed following you. To see if they’re still following you, cross the street or take other turns. If they are, try to be cool and walk to a crowded area, such as a café.
- How to stay safe on the road in the winter
Even for the most experienced drivers, driving in the severe winter months can be difficult. On icy roads, many people assume that lowering the tires helps, although this is an urban legend. It can make steering difficult, and you won’t be able to dig your way through the snow as well as you would with properly inflated tires.
What to do: Make sure your automobile is safe to drive in the snow by performing a thorough inspection. Install chains or studded tires on all of your wheels, and put together a kit to keep in your trunk. Include a tow rope, a snow shovel, flares or emergency lights, and a first-aid kit, as well as a bag of sand, salt, or—believe it or not—kitty litter.
- How to survive a heat wave
When temperatures reach dangerously high levels, outwitting Mother Nature becomes critical. Heat stroke can strike anyone, regardless of age or condition. Thirst isn’t a good predictor of hydration because your body has already lost fluids by the time you’re thirsty. Sports drinks should not be substituted for water because most include caffeine, which can make you thirstier.
What to do: Try to eat small, nutrient-dense meals throughout the day, even if you aren’t hungry. Spicy food causes you to sweat, which lowers your core temperature. Also, drink plenty of water and be alert of dehydration signs such as rapid heartbeat, nausea, unconsciousness, and dizziness or fatigue.
- How to act if you get stung by a scorpion
Scorpions are said to be a silent threat because they hide in the most unlikely locations, including your shoes. Though most stings aren’t dangerous, you should still seek medical advice. Don’t try to suck the venom out like Rambo since it won’t help at all. Also, ice won’t assist in this situation and may even make things worse by intensifying the discomfort.
What to do: Using soap and water to clean the sting site can help prevent infection. Applying cool, moist compresses every 2 hours and elevating the part that was stung above your heart level might help alleviate discomfort and swelling.